The Studies on Seed Germination and in Vitro Cultures of Salvia L. Species from Turkish Flora



Salvia, Micropropagation, Ex-situ conservation


Turkey has a rich flora in terms of plant biodiversity, and economically important Salvia species because of medicinal properties are in danger of extinction. To prevent the extinction of Salvia species is important to solve the problems of seed germination and micropropagation. In this review, in vitro studies conducted on Salvia species from Turkish flora were listed by specifying danger categories. Seed germination studies carried out 18 Salvia species [S. candidissima Vahl., S. cyanescens Boiss. & Balansa (endemic/LR-lc), S. dichroantha Stapf (endemic/LR-lc), S. fruticosa Mill. (VU), S. macrosiphon Boiss., S. microstegia Boiss. et Bal., S. nemorosa L., S. officinalis L., S. pomifera ssp. pomifera L. (VU), S. sclarea L., S. siirtica Kahraman, Celep & Doğan sp. nov. (endemic/CR), S. smyrnaea Boiss. (endemic/EN), S. tomentosa Mill., S. verbenaca L., S. verticillata L., S. virgata Jacq., S. viridis L.]. In vitro cultures studies were conducted on 16 Salvia species [S. aethiopis L., S. albimaculata Hedge and Huber-Morath (endemic/VU)-unsuccessful result, S. cadmica Boiss. (endemic/LR-lc), S. candidissima Vahl ssp. occidentalis Hedge, S. chrysophylla Stapf (endemic/LR-cd), S. cryptantha Montbret et Aucher ex Bentham (endemic/LR-lc), S. euphratica Montbret et Aucher ex. Bentham var. euphratica (endemic/LR-cd)-unsuccessful result, S. fruticosa (VU), S. nemorosa, S. nydeggeri Hub.-Mor.(endemic/EN)-unsuccessful result, S. officinalis, S. sclarea, S. tomentosa, S. verticillata ssp. verticillata, S. virgata, S. viridis]. In this review has been reported up to now in vitro cultures have been carried out 26 of 99 Salvia species, has clearly shows that new protocols should be established to protect endemic and threatened Salvia species.


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How to Cite

Yilmaz Gokdogan, E., & Burun, B. (2022). The Studies on Seed Germination and in Vitro Cultures of Salvia L. Species from Turkish Flora. Natural Products and Biotechnology, 2(1), 60–73. Retrieved from



Review Article