Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Forestry in Azerbaijan
Keywords:Greater Caucasus, Lesser Caucasus, Climate, Tree rings, Carbon dioxide (CO2)
While it is not possible for humans to influence climate change on Earth, the assessment of climate change in ecosystems is also one of the global challenges of our time. It should be noted that forest ecosystems cover the world's largest surface carbon pool. Climate change observed in the Republic of Azerbaijan plays an important role in the structure and function of forests in the Greater and Lesser Caucasus. The main task of the study was to assess forests using dendrochronological studies to study the exposure of forests to environmental changes in the Greater and Lesser Caucasus. The age of older specimens in the forests was determined, and the dendroclimatological effect of climatic factors on the forest cover over the years was analyzed. The article examines the impact of carbon dioxide on plant growth dynamics, phenology, growth, root system, productivity due to climate change in the Greater and Lesser Caucasus in Azerbaijan in recent decades on a scientific basis.
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